Empowering families, improving lives...everyday
Resources

Tools and Information

All tools and resources

504 Fact Sheet
504 Fact Sheet
Section 504 is a federal civil rights law, banning disability discrimination in all programs that get federal funding.
Categories: General, 504
7 Tips for Developing a Good 504 Plan
7 Tips for Developing a Good 504 Plan
Right from the start let the school know you want to attend your child’s 504 plan meetings. Approach this with a spirit of teamwork...
Categories: 504
Adaptations and Modifications
Adaptations and Modifications
Adaptations and modifications that can be used in the general curriculum, including volume of work, time, support, difficulty, participation, and more.
Categories: Advocacy, IEP, Inclusion
Adaptations and Modifications—If This, Do That
Adaptations and Modifications—If This, Do That
Guide for actions regarding volume of work, time, support, difficulty, participation
Categories: IEP, Inclusion
All About Advocates
All About Advocates
Good special education services are intensive and expensive. Resources are limited. If you have a child with special needs, you will likely need to utilize...
Categories: Family Engagement, Advocacy, IEP
Anxiety Fact Sheet
Anxiety Fact Sheet
All children experience anxiety. Anxiety in children is expected and normal at specific times in development. For example, from approximately age eight months through the preschool years, healthy children may show intense distress (anxiety) at times of separation from their parents...
Categories: Mental Health
Attention and ADHD Fact Sheet
Attention and ADHD Fact Sheet
Parents are distressed when they receive a note from school saying that their child won’t listen to the teacher or causes trouble in class. Sometimes these behaviors are caused by Attention/Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)...
Categories: Mental Health
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Fact Sheet
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Fact Sheet
Definitions, signs, facts, and classroom tips for autism spectrum disorder
Categories: Autism
Bipolar Disorder Fact Sheet
Bipolar Disorder Fact Sheet
Children and teenagers with Bipolar Disorder have manic and/or depressive symptoms. Some may have mostly depression and others a combination of manic and depressive symptoms. Highs may alternate with lows...
Categories: Mental Health
Birth to Five: Watch Me Thrive
Birth to Five: Watch Me Thrive
Skills such as taking a first step, smiling for the first time, and waving “bye-bye” are called developmental milestones. Starting at birth...
Categories: Early Childhood
Concerned about Development? How to Help Your Child
Concerned about Development? How to Help Your Child
You know your child best. If your child is not meeting the milestones for his or her age, or if you, your child’s teacher, or another care provider is concerned about how your child plays...
Categories: Spanish, Early Childhood
Conduct Disorder Fact Sheet
Conduct Disorder Fact Sheet
Conduct Disorder refers to a group of behavioral and emotional problems in children. Children and adolescents with this disorder have great difficulty following rules and behaving in a socially acceptable way. They are often viewed by other children, adults, and social service agencies...
Categories: Mental Health
Deaf-Blindness Fact Sheet
Deaf-Blindness Fact Sheet
A person who is deaf-blind has a unique experience of the world. For people who can see and hear, the world extends outward as far as his or her eyes and ears can reach. For the young child...
Categories: Deaf-Blindness
Depression Fact Sheet
Depression Fact Sheet
Not only adults become depressed. Children and teenagers may also have depression. The good news is that depression is a treatable illness...
Categories: Mental Health
Developmental Delay (DD) Fact Sheet
Developmental Delay (DD) Fact Sheet
Think of all the skills that children have to learn when they come into the world. We expect these skills to emerge naturally over time and know more or less when they should...
Categories: Development Delay
Developmental Milestones
Developmental Milestones
Learn the signs of your child’s development and act early if you ever have a concern. To complete a milestone checklist, download CDC’s FREE Milestone Tracker app or visit cdc.gov/Milestones, and talk to your child’s doctor at every well-child...
Categories: Early Childhood
Early Literacy and Your Infant or Toddler
Early Literacy and Your Infant or Toddler
It may sound silly or even a little confusing to think about “literacy” and your little one. But would it help to know that literacy for a very young child does not mean teaching infants and toddlers how to read? Whew!
Categories: Early Intervention
Early Steps Record Keeping Toolkit
Early Steps Record Keeping Toolkit
The first three years of your infant or toddler’s life is a very exciting time for you and your family. Each day will bring new opportunities for your child to grow, learn and gain new skills.
Categories: Early Intervention
Early Steps: Early Intervention and the NC Infant-Toddler Program
Early Steps: Early Intervention and the NC Infant-Toddler Program
The first three years of your infant or toddler’s life is an exciting time for you and a very important time for your child’s growth and development.
Categories: Early Intervention
ECAC Fact Sheet
ECAC Fact Sheet
North Carolina's parent center, serving families with children (birth to 26) with disabilities or special health care needs
Categories: General
Five Steps to Becoming Your Infant or Toddler’s Best Advocate
Five Steps to Becoming Your Infant or Toddler's Best Advocate
Start by knowing you are an equal partner in your infant or toddler’s development, medical care and education!
Categories: Early Intervention
Growing up Together: Children with Autism
Growing up Together: Children with Autism
Children with autism may look like other kids, but if you met them you would find they are different in some ways. It may be hard for them to play...
Categories: Autism, Transitions
Growing up Together: Teens with Autism
Growing up Together: Teens with Autism
When you're a teenager, you find your unique identity and figure out your relationship to the world and to others...
Categories: Autism, Transitions
Helpful IEP Questions
Helpful IEP Questions
Questions that may assist the team to establish a review of IEP goals and objectives
Categories: Advocacy, IEP
IDEA Fact Sheet
IDEA Fact Sheet
This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the various resources that ECAC offers to parents of children with special needs.
Categories: General, IEP
Inclusion Fact Sheet
Inclusion Fact Sheet
Inclusion is an attitude and value system that encourages students to receive an appropriate and quality education in the company of their peers...
Categories: Inclusion
Intellectual Disability (ID) Fact Sheet
Intellectual Disability (ID) Fact Sheet
Intellectual disability is a term used when a person has certain limitations in mental functioning and in skills such as communication, self-care, and social skills...
Categories: Intellectual Disability
Living with Autism: Planning for Successful Transitions across Grade Levels
Living with Autism: Planning for Successful Transitions across Grade Levels
Students with and without disabilities must adjust to changes in teachers, classmates, schedules, buildings and routines. The transition from one grade to the next can be especially challenging for a student...
Categories: Autism, Transitions
Milestone Moments
Milestone Moments
Take this booklet with you and talk to your child’s doctor at every well-child visit about the milestones your child has reached and what to expect next...
Categories: Early Childhood
Military Families, Welcome to North Carolina!
Military Families, Welcome to North Carolina!
Information for military families, including general education, special education, and ECAC contacts...
Categories: Military
Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD) Fact Sheet
Oppositional Defiance Disorder (ODD) Fact Sheet
All children are oppositional from time to time, particularly when tired, hungry, stressed or upset. They may argue, talk back, disobey, and defy parents, teachers and other adults. Oppositional behavior is often a normal part of development for two to three year olds and early adolescents...
Categories: Mental Health
Orthopedic Impairment Fact Sheet
Orthopedic Impairment Fact Sheet
The IDEA category of orthopedic impairments contains a wide variety of disorders. Cerebral Palsy (CP) affects the largest group of students with orthopedic impairments in public schools...
Categories: Orthopedic Impairment
Painting the Big Picture
Painting the Big Picture
Painting the BIG Picture! This worksheet has been created as a way for any adult to help “paint the big picture” of a child they care about and know well. The worksheet guides each writer to describe the child and to provide “tips” on what works best. The tips allow you to make a connection between what YOU know and what others can do to help him/her to be successful.
Categories: General, Communication, Advocacy, Special Education
Person Centered Planning Fact Sheet
Person Centered Planning Fact Sheet
In person centered planning, groups of people focus on an individual and that person's vision of what they would like to do in the future...
Categories: Inclusion
Placement Decision
Placement Decision
Information on the relevant factors of placement decisions
Categories:
Punishment Is not Equal to Discipline
Punishment Is not Equal to Discipline
A good behavior modification program needs to have responsive, not reactive teachers. It needs to be built not on extinguishing negative behaviors, but on teaching more appropriate responses...
Categories: Behavior
Questions Parents Can Ask about Math Instruction
Questions Parents Can Ask about Math Instruction
When your child struggles in math, you need specific information to help you encourage and support your child as they develop and build their math skills...
Categories: Family Engagement, Advocacy, IEP
Questions Parents Can Ask about Math Instruction (Spanish)
Questions Parents Can Ask about Math Instruction (Spanish)
Categories:
Questions Parents Can Ask about Reading Improvement
Questions Parents Can Ask about Reading Improvement
When you are the parent of a child who struggles with reading, you need specific information to support your child’s reading progress. Whether attending a parent/teacher conference, participating in writing the IEP (Individualized Education Program), or working with your child at home, use the questions that relate to your child to gather the information you need...
Categories: Family Engagement, Advocacy, Literacy, IEP
Questions Parents Can Ask about Reading Improvement (Spanish)
Questions Parents Can Ask about Reading Improvement (Spanish)
􀁕reguntas que los padres pueden hacer… Recuerde: Siempre pida una explicación de todo lo que no entendió. Si usted es el padre de un niño al que se le dificulta la lectura, usted necesita información específica para apoyar el progreso de su hijo. Ya sea que asista a las conferencias entre padres y maestros...
Categories: Family Engagement, Advocacy, Literacy, IEP, Spanish
Questions Parents Can Ask about Spelling, Writing, and Testing (Spanish)
Questions Parents Can Ask about Spelling, Writing, and Testing (Spanish)
Cuando a un niño se le dificulta la lectura, con frecuencia también se le dificulta la ortografía, escritura y las evaluaciones/exámenes...
Categories: Family Engagement, Advocacy, IEP, Spanish
Questions to Ask: Behavior
Questions to Ask: Behavior
Questions to ask when developing a student behavior support plan...
Categories: Behavior
Quick Guide to Special Education Dispute Resolution Processes for Parents of Children & Youth (Ages 3-21)
Quick Guide to Special Education Dispute Resolution Processes for Parents of Children & Youth (Ages 3-21)
IEP facilitation, mediation, resolution meeting, written state compliance, due process complaint, and hearing request
Categories: Conflict Resolution
Regular Education Teachers and Special Education: An Important Part of the Puzzle
Regular Education Teachers and Special Education: An Important Part of the Puzzle
Children with disabilities are guaranteed a free appropriate public education (FAPE). There are two criteria typically used to determine...
Categories: IEP, Inclusion
Related Services
Related Services
Does your child participate in a social skills group at school? Maybe he goes for speech-language therapy once a week. Or perhaps his teacher works with an occupational therapist...
Categories: IEP
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Shaken baby syndrome (or SBS) is caused by vigorous shaking of an infant or young child by the arms, legs, chest or shoulders. Forceful shaking can result in brain damage leading to intellectual or developmental disabilities, speech and learning disabilities, paralysis, seizures...
Categories: Intellectual Disability
Simple Strategies
Simple Strategies
Things parents and teachers can do to help children with disabilities in the regular classroom...
Categories: Advocacy, IEP, Inclusion
SLD Fact Sheet
SLD Fact Sheet
This fact sheet, the fifth in a series, addresses inadequate achievement. This criterion provides evidence that the student does not achieve adequately for the age or grade-level standards in which the child is enrolled...
Categories: Learning Disability
Speech and Language Impairment Fact Sheet
Speech and Language Impairment Fact Sheet
Speech and language disorders refer to problems in communication and related areas such as oral motor function. These delays and disorders range from simple sound substitutions to the inability to understand or use language or use...
Categories: Speech and Language
Steps of a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)
Steps of a Functional Behavioral Assessment (FBA)
Information on an FBA, including identifying and challenging behavior, collecting information on when the behavior occurs...
Categories: Behavior
Steps to Success: Communicating with your Child’s School
Steps to Success: Communicating with your Child's School
We hope these steps to success will be particularly helpful to parents who are new to the special education process....
Categories: General, Communication, Family Engagement, Advocacy, Conflict Resolution
Steps to Success: Communicating with your Child’s School
Steps to Success: Communicating with your Child's School
If you have a child who is receiving special education services, you’re more than likely to be very involved with your child’s school and teachers — including planning, reviewing, and assessing your child’s educational program...
Categories: General, Communication, Family Engagement, Advocacy, Conflict Resolution
Strategies for Teaching Students with TBI
Strategies for Teaching Students with TBI
Strategies including physical, attention, processing, behavioral, and learning...
Categories: TBI
Student Support Decision Tree
Student Support Decision Tree
When a parent or teacher expresses concern about a student’s health condition, learning or other challenges, the school will begin a process to determine the type of support and/or services that will meet the child’s needs...
Categories: General, IEP, 504
Talk Tools
Talk Tools
Talk Tools features helpful questions to use in conversations and meetings about your child—including behaviors, accommodations, modifications, support strategies, classroom situations, teaching methods, or a child's response to these.
Categories: General, Communication, Family Engagement, Advocacy, IEP, Conflict Resolution
TBI Fact Sheet
TBI Fact Sheet
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by the head being hit by something or shaken violently. This injury can change how the person acts, moves, and thinks...
Categories: TBI
Terms to Know
Terms to Know
Related terms including FAPE, IEP, LRE, accommodation, FBA, and others...
Categories: General, Advocacy, IEP
The Differences between IEPs and 504 Plans
The Differences between IEPs and 504 Plans
Information including basic descriptions, what each does, what law applies, who is eligible, and more...
Categories: General, IEP, 504
Types of Therapies
Types of Therapies
Mental health professionals use a variety of approaches to give people tools to deal with troublesome patterns of behavior and to help them manage symptoms of mental illness...
Categories: Mental Health
Understanding Student Responses
Understanding Student Responses
Exploring student responses, including attention, self-regulation, escape/avoidance, revenge, control, and play
Categories: IEP, 504
Visual Impairment and Blindness Fact Sheet
Visual Impairment and Blindness Fact Sheet
Being able to see gives us tremendous access to learning about the world around us. When a child has a visual impairment, it is cause for immediate attention...
Categories: Visual Impairment
What is Positive Behavior Interventions (or Instructions) and Supports (PBIS)?
What is Positive Behavior Interventions (or Instructions) and Supports (PBIS)?
PBIS is both a person centered and research based approach to behavior that focuses on teaching the behaviors we want to see—in school, at home and in the community...
Categories: Behavior
When to Seek Help
When to Seek Help
Parents are usually the first to recognize that their child has a problem with emotions or behavior. Still, the decision to seek professional help can be a difficult one. The first step is to gently talk to the child...
Categories: Mental Health
Working with your Child’s Teachers
Working with your Child's Teachers
It is important to have a positive relationship with your child’s teacher. Effective and positive communication is key in building a partnership to help your child succeed...
Categories: General, Family Engagement, Advocacy
Yesterday vs. Today Behavior
Yesterday vs. Today Behavior
Comparison of yesterday's traditional behavior management and today's positive behavior support...
Categories: Behavior

Get updates on new resources!

Would you like to receive updates from ECAC on available resources, new events, and upcoming trainings?