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Definition of Dyslexia:

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

Adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002. This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Dyslexia is a learning disability that affects language skills such as reading, spelling and writing. If your child struggles in these areas, the resources below may be very helpful to you:




Questions Parents Can Ask About Reading Improvement and Dyslexia Aug 2018





Preguntas que los padres pueden hacer Acerca de la Dislexia y Cómo Mejorar la Lectura








Additional Dyslexia Resources & Links:

Dyslexia Guidance- US Department of Education

NC DPI Dyslexia Topic Brief with Q&A

Dislexia – Un Resumen del tema

Dyslexia Basics Fact Sheet

Dyslexia Basics Spanish (1)

IDA Dyslexia Handbook for Families: What Every Family Should Know

Dyslexia-Stress-Anxiety Connection

With Appropriate Support These Children Can Shine

Through Your Child’s Eyes

How to Talk to Your Child About Learning and Attention Issues

Self-Advocacy Sentence Starters for Kids With Different Learning and Attention Issues

Seeking Help for a Struggling Reader: 8 Steps for Parents


Resources for Educators:

Dyslexia in the Classroom: What Every teacher Needs to Know

Supporting Students with Disabilities


Dyslexia Video Resources:

Embracing Dyslexia Trailer

Dyslexia Documentaries


International Dyslexia Association
NC Department of Public Instruction Exceptional Children’s Department





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